Last modified on
August 22, 2014
100% PREMIUM CASHMERE
Cashmerino, Silky Cashmere, Natural Blends
Cashmere Goats, Photo © Lana Grossa
The Cashmere Goat (Capra hircus Laniger) is a mammal belonging to the subfamily Caprinae of the family Bovidae. The goats produce a double fleece consisting of the fine, soft undercoat or underdown of hair commingled with a straighter and much coarser outer coating of hair called guard hair. In order for the fine underwool to be classified and used as cashmere it must be de-haired. De-hairing is a mechanical process that separates the coarse hairs from the fine hair. After de-hairing, the resulting "cashmere" is ready to be dyed and converted into yarn, fabrics, or garments.
The Cashmere goats reside predominantly in the high plateaus of Asia with the most significant populations being found in the northwestern provinces of China, Mongolia, Iran and Afghanistan. The best quality cashmere is made of the undercoat of cashmere goats, which live with harsh winds and poor vegetation in the barren Asian steppes. The more extreme the conditions, the better the quality of cashmere. Many nations in that area rely on cashmere as a luxury product that is exportable for high profit, including the significant supplier countries: China and Mongolia.
China is the largest producer of raw cashmere. Current estimates of production put China's annual clip at approximately 10,000 metric tons. Mongolia produces somewhat more than 3,000 tons annually with Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Pakistan, India and Central Asian Republics producing significant, but lesser, amounts.
Cashmere (Kashmir) is characterized as a luxuriously soft wool with high loft. It is extremely warm (in order to serve its original purpose of protecting goats from cold mountain temperatures). Cashmere Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics. Natural colors: Grey, Brown, and White.
Pure cashmere can be spun into yarns and knit into sweaters, hats, gloves, socks and other apparel items, or woven into fabrics and then cut and assembled into garments such as outer coats, jackets, pants, scarves, blankets and other highly luxurious and desirable items.
Fabric and garment producers in Italy, Scotland, England and Japan have long been known as market leaders in cashmere, although recent trends have seen a growing production from countries that actually produce the fiber, like China and Mongolia.
Note that some of commercial cashmere, which is used in mass fashion/knitwear production, is made of 100% nylon or acrylic Cashmilon - super soft, synthetic cashmere substitutes. Usually, those "cashmere" articles are sold at cheaper prices.
Cashmere Classic, Lang
Cashmere DK, Lotus
Cashmere Fingering, Lotus
Cashmere Handspun, Lotus
Cashmere Premium, Lang
Cashmere Tweed, Lang
Cashmere Undyed, Lotus
Cashmerino Worsted, Lotus
Langamay, Orkney Angora
Pashmina, Lana Grossa
Silky Cashmere HP, Makalu
Solocashmere110, Lana Grossa
Content of Cashmere ≤ 10%:
• Silk Road Aran
• Cashmerino Worsted
* Click on an image for details and to order
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